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Thursday, 25 August 2016

Eldis Climate Change and Development Reporter

In this issue: The latest additions to the Eldis Climate Change Resource Guide...

Climate change

With a focus across adaptation, mitigation & development, the climate change guide covers agriculture & food security, natural resource management, poverty & vulnerability, governance, health, gender, finance, & low carbon energy.

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Eldis Climate Change and Development Reporter

25 August 2016
Eldis Climate Change Resource Guide: http://www.eldis.org/climate

This is our regular bulletin that highlights recent publications on climate change and development issues.

The documents are available without charge on the web. If you are unable to access any of these materials online and would like to receive a copy of a document as an email attachment, please contact our editor at the email address given below.


In this issue:

 



Lessons from implementing, adapting and sustaining community-based adaptive marine resource management
Authors: P. Cohen; A. Schwarz; D. Boso; Z. Hilly

Produced by: Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (2014)

This brief explores lessons from community experience of implementing management plans for community-based adaptive resource management in Solomon Islands. It focuses on the lessons learned from the different stages of: implementing, adapting and sustaining community-based adaptive marine resource management. Community-based marine resource management is recognised by the Government of Solomon Islands as the principle strategy for use in marine conservation and small-scale fisheries management. This strategy is particularly important in Solomon Islands due to the constitutionally recognized customary tenure systems that are in place in rural areas where the majority of the population resides.


Available online at: http://pubs.iclarm.net/resource_centre/AAS-2014-16.pdf Back to list
What climate services do farmers and pastoralists need in Tanzania?
Authors: J.Y. Coulibaly

Produced by: Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (2015)

This report presents final findings from the baseline data collection exercise conducted for Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) Adaptation Programme in Africa. The GFCS programme, having a focus on agriculture, food security, health and disaster risk reduction, is implemented in Tanzania and Malawi. Under the auspices of this GFCS project, the CGIAR research program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) is responsible to support baseline data collection and monitoring and evaluation (M&E) to evaluate climate services for farmers and pastoralists in Tanzania. The purpose of this report is to inform national partners on farmers' current access and needs for climate information services.
Communities of agro-pastoralists and pastoralists interviewed have little access to climate information, which is generally not associated with agricultural advice. To increase the relevance and communication of climate information in their communities, respondents have recommended training of local extension agents and traditional leaders on the concepts of climate information, having site specific information and using local languages and brochures. The forecasts of greatest interest include start of the rain and expected amount of rainfall over the season. Preferred formats cited by men are radio messages, visits from extension agents while women selected voice message on cell phones and villages communicators. Messengers suggested for radio presenters, local extension agents and village leaders highly recommended by women.
The Adaptation Program in Africa, which targets Tanzania and Malawi, is the first multi-agency initiative to be implemented under GFCS. It is a 3-year project, funded by the Government of Norway, that aims to strengthen capacity both to develop and use climate services and combines cutting-edge science with traditional knowledge.


Available online at: http://www.gfcs-climate.org/sites/default/files/projects/Climate%20Services%20Adaptation%20Programme%20in%20Africa%20-%20Building%20Resilience%20in%20Disaster%20Risk%20Management%2C%20Food%20Security%20and%20Health//WP%20110_Baseline%20Tanzania.pdf Back to list
Taking climate justice into our own hands: a model climate compensation act
Authors: A. Gage; M. Wewerinke

Produced by: (2015)

The authors of a Climate Change Compensation Act propose that the document can be used, depending on one's interpretation of the law, to either clarify the law related to climate change litigation or to alter the law to make climate litigation possible.

It starts with two concepts:

1. It has never been legal to knowingly destroy property, lives, and, indeed, entire nations – either in international law or national law.

2. A country has legal authority over harm that occurs within its borders, even if the causes of that harm are global.

The authors suggest that these two concepts open the door to a country's courts making orders, and its government making laws, related to legal consequences of fossil fuel pollution - particularly as it relates to global sources of fossil fuel pollution from corporations; and further that they allow a country's citizens to petition their own courts and tribunals under their own laws to hold global fossil fuel companies accountable for the harm that their product is causing.


Available online at: http://static1.squarespace.com/static/565777bfe4b0509ba9e4f31e/t/5666fee5dc5cb481d318cb85/1449590501349/web_version_final.pdf Back to list
Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction in the Education Sector
Produced by: United Nations Children's Fund (2012)

This resource manual, Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction in the Education Sector, is primarily a capacity development tool to support governments and their development partners in guaranteeing the right to quality education for all children.

This manual builds upon the goals set by the CRC, the Hyogo Framework for a ction, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the Education for a ll (EF a ) movement. Focusing on equity and rights, this resource manual aims to enhance the climate change adaptation, mitigation, resilience and risk reduction capacities of children and their communities in response to changing physical environments.


Available online at: http://www.unicef.org/cfs/files/UNICEF-ClimateChange-ResourceManual-lores-c.pdf Back to list
Resilience: the big picture - top themes and trends
Produced by: Overseas Development Institute (2016)

Building resilience – the practice of 'making people, communities and systems better prepared to withstand catastrophic events (both natural and manmade) and able to bounce back more quickly and emerge stronger from these shocks and stresses' – increasingly features in international development discourse and practice. The topic cuts across sectors, scales and contexts, helping people prepare for, cope with and respond to a host of different shocks and stresses, from social, economic and cultural, to physical, environmental and political.

This report uses infographics to identify the key themes and emerging trends in resilience thinking and practice. The report includes sections on:

  • the rise in the use of the term 'resilience' in books, scholarly journals and scientific research across a range of disciplines
  • the salience of different themes within resilience thinking
  • identification of geographies of resilience: by pinpointing the countries of author affiliation, and the regions studied in resilience literature
  • examination of resilience on Twitter: looking at key themes and trends most frequently used in relation to 'resilience'
  • analysis of the characteristics of resilience: looking at the way in which academic and grey literature explore awareness, diversity, self-regulation, integration and adaptiveness
  • inclusion of resilience in the post-2015 agenda, including the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 (SFDRR), the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the UNFCCC COP21 Paris Agreement on climate change

Available online at: https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/resource-documents/10626.pdf Back to list
Identification and analysis of uncertainty in disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation in South and Southeast Asia
Authors: P van der Keur

Produced by: Elsevier (2016)

This paper addresses the mainstreaming of uncertainty in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) using as a case South and Southeast Asia, a region highly vulnerable to a wide range of natural disasters. Improvements in the implementation of DRR and CCA at the community and regional levels can be realized when the underlying uncertainties are understood and made transparent by all those involved in the science, practice and decision making of natural hazard management. This theme has been explored in a think tank fashion through knowledge elicitation and sharing among experts in the research community as well as practitioners and policy advisers with extensive experience with and insight into DRR and CCA at the regional and/or local levels. The intended result has been the identification of the means by which the capacity to integrate uncertainty can be developed. In this elicitation process, sources of uncertainty associated with the implementation of best practices in DRR and CCA at the regional and local levels. The results of presented are considered by the stakeholders involved to be valuable in expanding capacity to plan and implement more effective DRR and CCA policies and measures particularly at the community level where uncertainty plays a central role for those most vulnerable to current and future climate extreme events, and socio-economic constraints and changes. [author's abstract]


Available online at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/297676681_Identification_and_analysis_of_uncertainty_in_disaster_risk_reduction_and_climate_change_adaptation_in_South_and_Southeast_Asia Back to list
Cost and returns of renewable energy in sub-saharan Africa
Authors: A. Pueyo

Produced by: Institute of Development Studies, Sussex [ES] (2016)

The allocation of finance for the provision of green electricity in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) should be informed by two questions. Which generation technologies are financially viable? And which generation technologies are affordable? The reserachers' analysis addresses these for Kenya and Ghana by calculating the levelised cost of energy (LCOE) and internal rate of return (IRR) for a portfolio of renewable energy ( RE ) technologies under different scenarios.

Results show better fundamentals in Kenya for the successful implementation of renewable energy projects. Wind and geothermal technology offer low - cost electricity and healthy returns on investment. Solar photovoltaics ( PV ) could be competitive with expensive diesel generation but its current price does not a llow for cost recovery. Kenyan feed-in tariffs (FiT s) protect investors against currency devaluation and the off-taker is creditworthy.

Ghana'€™s renewable electricity (except hydro) is expensive in comparison and offers lower returns. This is mainly due to high financing costs and lower - quality RE resources . Additionally, RE investors in Ghana are not protected against further currency devaluation by the existing FiT scheme and there are concerns about the creditworthiness of the off-taker. Policymakers, the research suggests, should target these key constraints to affordability and profitability to support a higher penetration of renewables in the country.

The role of public finance and public-€"private partnership is particularly highlighted as a way forward to improve the financial performance of renewable energy in SSA.


Available online at: http://opendocs.ids.ac.uk/opendocs/bitstream/handle/123456789/11297/ER190_CostandReturnsofRenewableEnergyinSubSaharanAfricaAComparisonofKenyaandGhana.pdf;jsessionid=364AA619759A9CFDF5F3249883398DAE?sequence=1 Back to list
Re-shaping policy and institutions for integrating climate and disaster resilience
Produced by: Institute of Development Studies UK (2016)

Evidence from across Africa and Asia signifies that shifting seasonal patterns and high intensity extreme events are already eroding community and household resilience to a wide set of external shocks. Investing in integrated and flexible institutional and policy frameworks is a first step towards creating a policy environment that can build resilience to climate and disaster risks.

Two years of action, dialogue and research with partners seeking to strengthen climate and disaster resilience across Asia and Africa provides a strong knowledge base to inform this process. Key policy recommendations include: 

  • National agencies should facilitate horizontal integration through cross-government collaboration and engagement with civil society, business and citizens, to develop integrated policy and action on disaster risk, climate change and poverty reduction.
  • National agencies and international donors should provide incentives for collaboration between the different communities of practice.
  • Political leadership on integration at the national level should be backed up with clear guidelines and resources to support action and implementation at all levels.
  • Systems and structures should be established to facilitate vertical integration.
  • Ensure that technical and specialist knowledge is integrated into processes at the local level, leading to more informed and coherent strategies for managing change and uncertainty.
  • Accountability mechanisms should be strengthened between communities and local government to enable more informed disaster and climate risk action.
  • Donors should allow for adjustments in programme design which are responsive to new and emerging external knowledge and changing local conditions.
  • Donor funding should invest in programmes that support both technological experimentation and provide safety nets for community experimentation for building local climate and disaster resilience mechanisms. 

 


Available online at: http://opendocs.ids.ac.uk/opendocs/bitstream/handle/123456789/2496/Re-shaping%20policy%20and%20Institutions%20for%20integrating%20climate%20and%20disaster%20resilience.pdf?sequence=1 Back to list

 

 


See our Climate Change Resource Guide for a complete list of new additions.

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Monday, 22 August 2016

[conserveafrica] Weekly update: HIV drug hope, Deforestation despair & reforestation revival in Asia, Battling invasive species, and more

 

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